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Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency has become more prevalent around the world along with a sedentary lifestyle and limited exposure to sunlight. Deficiencies of vitamin D in lactating mothers could cause deficiencies in their infants and vitamin D deficient infants are at higher risk of having infectious diseases. Supplementation of Vitamin D to lactating mothers may benefit both mothers and infants to reduce infection morbidity.
Methods: Relevant literature research was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, and SciELO using relevant keywords and advanced search methods. Relevant literature was then screened for duplication, relevance, and eligibility.
Results: A randomized-controlled trial was selected. The study showed that supplementation of 3000µg oral vitamin D3 to lactating mothers significantly raise their infants' serum vitamin D (p<0.01) and reduce infection morbidity (p<0.01)
Conclusions: Oral supplementation of vitamin D3 could be given to lactating mothers to improve their infants' serum vitamin D and reduce infection morbidity.
Keywords: vitamin D, lactation, infants' infection
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